Oral health: most common problems and how to tackle them

It’s essential to follow proper dental hygiene and keep our oral health in top condition. According to the World Health Organisation, oral illness is a serious non-communicable disease that affects people throughout their lives, causing discomfort, disfiguring and death. India is considered as the world capital for oral cancer and in some Asian – Pacific countries oral cancer is within the top 3 of all cancers. 

 

Almost all oral problems are preventable and can be treated in the early stages. Our mouth is a breeding ground for good as well as bad bacteria. Poor oral hygiene can lead to dental cavities and gum disease, and also has been associated with heart disease, cancer, and diabetes. So its better to get a consultation early, with the best dental clinic in Gurgaon.

 

 And here are the 5 most common dental problems and their solutions

1) Cavities

A cavity occurs when bacteria in plaque settle down on a tooth. Slowly, an acid produced by plaque begins to eat away at the tooth and holes are formed. Cavities are a common dental problem that affects kids as well as adults. Despite this, only 12.4% of adults have been treated by a dentist for their oral cavity. Cavities can be easily treated by fillings. But if left untreated can turn into an infection.

 

2) Gum disease (gingivitis)

Gum disease or gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums and is caused by the buildup of plaque on teeth. It is a result of poor oral hygiene. In the early stages, gum disease can be treated easily but if treatment is not done, gums can swell up and start bleeding while brushing. 

 

3) Oral Cancer

Indians consume the most tobacco out of any other country in the world. Oral cancer is a severe disease which can lead to death. It includes cancer of the gums, tongue, lips, cheek and floor of the mouth. Symptoms of oral cancer are sores, lumps, rough areas, difficulty in chewing or moving your jaw. Routine dental visits can help catch oral cancer early.

 

4) Mouth sores

Mouth sores can be very painful. If they disappear in two weeks there’s nothing to worry about. They can be easily treated by a dentist if one visits in time.

 

5) Tooth sensitivity

When one feels mild pain or discomfort while they consume hot or cold food they have sensitive teeth. Sensitivity can be the result of gum disease, cracked tooth or receding gums. Sensitivity can be treated by making some minor changed in one’s oral habits. If it is developed suddenly, it’s essential to see a dentist.

 

6) Broken or chipped teeth

Any accident, major or minor, grinding teeth or eating hard foods can cause a broken or chipped tooth. No worries, a broken tooth can be restored to its normal shape with a crown or veneer.

Oral health is deeply connected to our overall health and well-being. Yet, most people neglect it. The least one can do is visit a dentist regularly, every 6 or 3 months, to ensure good oral health. A healthy mouth helps maintain a healthy body.

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